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What is Snapping Scapula?

Snapping scapula or snapping scapula syndrome is also known as scapulothoracic syndrome or scapulocostal syndrome. It is a condition characterized by painful clicking, snapping, or grinding of the shoulder blade. The sound occurs as a result of rubbing of soft tissues between the thoracic wall and the scapula. The soft tissues stuck in between these two structures may be a muscle, tendon, or bursa. Snapping scapula is most commonly found in young and active individuals who are involved in repetitive overhead activities.

Anatomy of the Shoulder

The shoulder joint is a ball and socket joint made up of three bones, namely the humerus, scapula, and clavicle. The end of the humerus or upper arm bone forms the ball of the shoulder joint. An irregular shallow cavity in the scapula called the glenoid cavity forms the socket for the head of the humerus to fit in. The two bones together form the glenohumeral joint, which is the main joint of the shoulder. The scapula is a flat triangular-shaped bone that forms the shoulder blade. It serves as the site of attachment for most of the muscles that provide movement and stability to the joint. A tiny, fluid-filled sac called bursa is located within each shoulder that prevents friction between the bones and aids in smooth movement of the shoulder joints.

Causes of Snapping Scapula

Some of the causes of snapping scapula include:

  • Bursitis
  • Scapular or rib fractures
  • Bone spurs
  • Shoulder instability
  • Atrophy, wasting, or weakness of the scapular stabilizing muscles
  • Osteochondroma

Symptoms of Snapping Scapula

Some of the common symptoms of snapping scapula include:

  • Crunching or popping sensation
  • Stiffness or tenderness
  • Persistent pain
  • Swelling around the shoulder
  • Limited range of motion
  • Winging or noticeable bump of the scapula
  • A forward-tilted or drooped posture on the affected shoulder
  • Fatigue with overhead repetitive movements

Diagnosis of Snapping Scapula

Your doctor will review your symptoms and medical history and perform a physical examination to check for range of motion, stability, flexibility, and strength of your shoulder. If necessary to confirm the diagnosis, your doctor may order certain electrodiagnostic tests such as X-rays, MRI, CT scan, or ultrasound to have a detailed look at the scapular angles, rib or skeletal deformities, and bony or soft tissue abnormalities.

Treatment for Snapping Scapula

Treatments for snapping scapula include both non-surgical as well as surgical options. Your doctor will decide the best option for you based on the condition of your shoulder.

The nonsurgical treatment options may include:

  • Ice: Application of ice packs on the shoulder to decrease swelling and pain
  • Activity Modification: Avoiding activities that trigger symptoms and changing your lifestyle
  • Physical Therapy: Regular exercise regimen to improve stability and range of motion as well as strengthening and coordination of the scapular muscles
  • Anti-inflammatory Medication: Meds like naproxen and ibuprofen can relieve inflammation and pain.
  • Cortisone Injection: If physical therapy, medications, rest, and activity modification do not yield the desired results, then a cortisone injection may be used for therapeutic and diagnostic purposes. Cortisone is a very effective anti-inflammatory medicine for bursitis and long-term pain reliever for tears and structural damage.

Other Shoulder Topics

  • American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons
  • AOSSM-American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine
  • Midwestern University